Home canning foods almost became extinct. Because of the time invested in the process and the easy availability of canned foods in the grocery store, people began to take the easier route of purchasing their foods. However, times are changing due to the economy. Many people are trying to find cheap living by growing their own gardens or buying locally from growers.
If you are going to be canning it is important to learn some safety procedures. My dad used to sell to ladies in town every summer to can. A saying around our house was “if we don’t grow it, we don’t eat it”. This was even in the winter time. Here we are approaching Memorial Day, the beginning of summer and the longing for those fresh ripened vegetables and fruits.
Certain Safety Procedures must be followed when canning food and eating canned foods to ensure good quality.
Sauerkraut Recipes and canning; canning cabbage and recipes.
How to Can Vegetables; tomatoes, corn, green beans and recipes for corn salad, pickled okra, green tomato relish, pickled pea pods and pickled vegetables.
Canning Tomatoes is easy but when combining with other ingredients they must be pressure canned; chili sauce recipe, tomato soups, paste, sauce and juice.
Canning Squash; zucchini jam recipe, zucchini pickles, zucchini salsa canned pumpkin bread and recipes to use canned squash like fritters and casserole.
How to Store Potatoes; sweet potatoes and white potatoes (especially new potatoes) can be canned to use in recipes like sweet potato crunch and with apples, baked new potatoes, with peas and with garlic butter.
Canning Beets pickled or in pressure cooker; make Harvard beets, orange glazed, in pineapple sauce or red beets with boiled eggs.
Canning Corn in pressure cooker to make recipes for scalloped corn, corn cakes, pickled corn, relish, salad; dry corn or make hominy.
Canning Beans of all kinds in pressure cooker; dilly bean recipe, pickled beans, spicy pickled beans and pork and beans.
How to Can Fruit? Berries, grapes, strawberries, cherries, figs, peaches, pears, pineapple, plums, rhubarb; cobbler recipe, torte, custard pie, brandied peaches, ginger pears.
Canning Apples; pie filling, applesauce, apple butter and apple relish.
Learn to make Apple Cider Vinegar for many uses; pickled okra recipe, hot pepper jelly, asparagus and barbeque sauce.
Benefits of Apple cider plus recipes for vinegar pie, vinegar chocolate cake with peanut butter frosting, brown sugar candy, barbeque chicken and green tomato chutney.
How to Make Kimchi? History and recipe.
Relish Recipes; my favorite cucumber recipe, hot dog relish, corn relish, chow chow, piccalilli and apricot chutney.
Pickle Recipes; my sister’s best bread and butter recipe, sweet pickles, dill pickles, sweet chunks and sweet mustard.
Canning Peppers; best banana peppers, stuffed peppers, hot peppers, hot pepper butter, hot pepper jelly, hot pepper sauce and pepper relish.
Strawberries recipes; fresh, canned and frozen. Recipes for strawberry shortcake, preserves, and sugar free freezer recipe.
How to Make Pickles? Recipes for cucumber pickles, bread and butter, watermelon and peach; also pear relish.
Three homemade Ketchup recipes using red ripe tomatoes and a green tomato ketchup.
How to Make Preserves? Recipes for tomato preserves, sour cherry, fig, cranberry apricot, strawberry, peach preserves, pear jam, peach jam, plum jam and grape jelly.
How to Can Chicken and broth? Recipes for chicken cranberry salad and cheesy chicken.
Recipes for Homemade Bloody Mary Mix recipe, Bloody Mary drink, Macallan Scotch, tomato punch.
Making Hard Cider with recipes for spicy mulled cider, cherry berry blush, cranberry tea, raspberry cider and eggnog apple cider.
Grape Juice Recipes for whole grape juice and strained juice then make with the juice alcoholic punch, purple cow, fruit punch.
The purpose of the home canning foods process is two-fold. One is to destroy certain enzymes and microorganisms already in the food; two is to prevent bacteria from contaminating it once these agents have been destroyed. The first is accomplished by heat and the second is by air-tight sealing. Two of these, yeasts and molds are easily destroyed by heat. The third type, bacteria, especially in the spore state is strongly resistant to heat. Ordinary boiling temperatures in canning foods will not destroy them unless prolonged for many hours. The high temperature reached in a pressure cooker at 15 pounds of pressure will make short work of them. Fruits, tomatoes and other acid vegetables present no difficulty in this respect, for an ordinary boiling temperature in combination with the acid in the food will destroy bacteria. The non- acid vegetables and meats, however, require special consideration. If bacteria normally present are not destroyed, it will cause spoilage when canning foods.
Cold pack canning foods is a method when the raw food is packed cold into jars, then processed or cooked in its container. At the end of the processing period the jar is completely sealed immediately. This method is suitable for many fruits and berries.
Hot pack canning foods has a short cooking period before packing the food into the jars. This method is well adapted to vegetables and meats because precooking shrinks the produce, helping in the packing process and drives out air which may be present. The hot food is immediately packed into the jars and sealed at once. In either case the jars should be sterilized and hot and there should be no delay in the processing.
Almost all VEGETABLES can be canned. There are some which can better than others. Knowing which vegetables do and do not have high acidity helps to determine the best processing technique when canning foods.
FRUITS are very easy to can because they contain higher acidity; after lightly packing them in canning jars they can be processed in a hot water bath rather than a pressure cooker.
CONDIMENTS are used to stimulate the appetite by adding flavor to the food. Besides things like salt, pepper and spices, I include vinegar, ketchup, jams, preserves and anything pickled like relishes, pickled peppers and other pickles; some of these I know could be vegetables when canning foods.
MEATS can also be successfully canned but with special caution. All meats need to be precooked before packing in hot sterilized jars. Then the jars need to be processed for a longer time period in a pressure canner to destroy any spoilage organisms.
BEVERAGES are all the drinks; many are nonalcoholic but some contain alcohol. Unless bottling wine, beer or whiskey, you would not add the alcohol until serving it. Many non alcoholic beverages are canned; these can be a drink without anything added or combine it with a favorite alcoholic beverage.
STERILIZING CANNING JARS
When canning foods, jars must be sterilized and hot. Wash jars and fill with cold water. Set on a trivet or rack in large kettle and surround with cold water. Heat gradually until water reaches boiling. Carefully remove jars from water, empty and fill while hot. Put jar covers in hot water and let stand 5 minutes. (Wipe rims of jars with clean towel so it does not prevent sealing.)Place hot lids on the jars and screw rings on to seal.
People used to use an open kettle method of canning foods. The food was cooked completely and immediately packed into hot sterilized jars and sealed. It is NOT recommended to use because of the chance for contamination during the transfer of the food from kettle to jar.
After the food has been packed by either the cold pack or hot pack method it is then processed by some method depending upon the type of food. A hot water bath processing is recommended for fruits, berries, fruit juices and acid vegetables. After jars are filled, wipe off the tops and seal completely if food has been hot packed. If the food has been cold packed only seal the lids partly.
Use a large deep pot with a close fitting cover. It must be equipped with a perforated or wire mesh rack to keep the jars at least ½ inch off the bottom of the cooker. It the rack is equipped with handles, it will help lower into and removing the jars from the hot water. In canning foods have the water boiling; lower the jars slowly and carefully into the water. Have the water come at least an inch above the tops of the jars. If it boils down add more boiling water. Cover the cooker tightly and begin counting the processing time when the water has once again started to boil. At the end of the processing time, remove the jars carefully from the water without disturbing the lids. After jars have set for several hours, secure the rings on the jars.
NOTE: When handling jars for canning foods, never grasp them by the lid; the weight of the jar may break the seal; hold the jar by the sides or bottom or use tongs.
A steam pressure cooker is a must for nonacid vegetables and meats. For processing in a steam pressure cooker, place the rack in the bottom of the cooker and add about an inch of water. Place the filled jars on the rack. Do not let the jars touch and do not prepare more jars than the cooker will hold at one time. Adjust the cover and fasten securely. Leave the petcock valve open until a full column of steam has spurted from it for several minutes to insure removal of all air from the pressure cooker.
Close the petcock; begin counting the processing time when the gauge has reached the required pressure for your recipe. Adjust the heat to maintain even pressure. Fluctuation in pressure is likely to cause loss of liquid from the jars. At the end of the processing time, remove the cooker from the heat but DO NOT OPEN THE COOKER. Allow the pressure gauge to return to zero then slowly open the petcock. If steam rushes out suddenly it will draw liquid from the jars. Loosen and remove the cover. Remove the jars carefully from the cooker. If jars were only partly sealed before the processing then seal them tightly.
TIPS for CANNING FOODS:
These are some basic guidelines to canning foods so you will be able to enjoy this summer harvest. By preserving foods you will have convenience foods all through the winter. Also worth mentioning is the startup cost. Like I have said before, the cheapest way is to check out garage sales and yard sales. Many elderly people will be glad for someone to haul their old canning equipment away. Jars can often be found for a fraction of the new cost. Just check the jars for any cracks and chips around the top.
HOW TO CAN TOMATOES
When you begin canning foods, you will want to start a collection of your favorite recipes to make with your production. The following are delicious recipes for your canned tomatoes.
Combine all ingredients except tomatoes in a large pot.
Cover and cook over low heat about 20 minutes.
Uncover and cook over moderate heat 15 minutes longer while stirring to prevent scorching on bottom.
Add tomatoes cooking only to heat thoroughly; serve hot or cold.
CHICKEN AND ARTICHOKE RECIPE
When canning foods, you can never have enough recipes to use your canned tomatoes in. It seems to be the favorite canned vegetable of most and it is so versatile in all kinds of recipes. This recipe is very flavorful and makes a great entrée.
Wash and dry green pepper; place under broiler until it looks blistered (about 5 minutes on each side).
Place pepper in freezer bag and seal; let set for about 10 minutes.
Peel pepper, seed and core and cut into 1 ½ strips; set aside.
Place 4 artichoke hearts, garlic, 2 teaspoons olive oil, ½ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon black in food processor.
Process mixture until smooth stopping to scrape down the sides.
Loosen skin from breast area of the chicken; rub artichoke mixture up under the skin.
Rub remaining olive oil over the outside of the chicken and season with salt and pepper.
Place remaining artichokes, lemon and rosemary in the cavity of the chicken.
Tie the legs of the chicken together with a string; tuck wings under the chicken.
Place chicken breast side up in a shallow roasting pan; bake for 35 minutes at 450F degrees.
Combine tomatoes, pepper strips and red pepper; spoon mixture over the chicken.
Bake another 35 minutes or until done and thermometer registers 180F degrees basting once with drippings.